Mayurbhanj District of Odisha

Mayurbhanj District of Odisha

Mayurbhanj District of Odisha A Guide to its Rich Natural Beauty.

Exploring Mayurbhanj District

Mayurbhanj district, located in the eastern state of Odisha, India, is a hidden gem that boasts a fascinating blend of history, culture, and natural beauty. Nestled amidst lush green forests and rolling hills, this district offers a serene and enriching experience for travelers. From its historical significance to its vibrant festivals and diverse wildlife, Mayurbhanj has much to offer. Let’s dive into the captivating world of Mayurbhanj and explore its unique features and attractions.

Mayurbhanj is one of the administrative district of Orissa province, consists of four subdivisions- Baripada, Karanjia, Udala and Rairangpur. Originally a princely state of British India, the region of Mayurbhanj was merged with the state of Orissa on January 1, 1949 with the identity of the separate functional district.

The district of Mayurbhanj enjoys the unique distinction of having a vast forest dotted with varied flora and fauna, stretches of leafy green forest served with a network of perennial streams and its refreshing climate contribute so much to make the district an ideal habitat for tropical birds and animals. Diversified flora and fauna has infested the district with immaculate freshness, which is alluring to the tourist. Hence the district of Mayurbhanj is one of the significant tourist corners in Orissa.

In spite of the storehouse of a huge quantity of economically important mineral resources, due to the lack of roper infrastructure the district is not industrially developed. Hence the sole part of Mayurbhanj`s economy is dependent on agriculture. The agro climatic zone and the favorable soil type induce the proper growth of agriculture in the district of Mayurbhanj. Paddy is the major cultivated crop, followed by pulses and oil seeds. While there has been decrease in the coverage of Khariff paddy in high lands, the area under pulses, oil seeds and other cereals has been showing an increasing trend due to diversifications of cropping pattern in such land.Moreover the land utilization pattern is quite accommodating for the genesis in the field of agriculture.

The District Industries Center (DIC), since its inception has been functional enough to improve the condition of industrial economy in Mayurbhanj. Quite a good number of small scale industries including Mineral grinding, Stone Crushing, China-Clay Washing, Ceramic industries, Fertilizer, Safety Matches, Paper Mill, Paints & Chemicals, Washing, Soap, Electrical Items, High-Voltage, cable manufacturing, Aluminum Utensils, Cold Storage, Mechanized Hatchery, General Fabrication, Sheet-Metals, Poly-leaf Cups and plates making, cement products, Sabai products, rice-Huller, flour mill and allied repairing and servicing etc serve the industrial economy of Mayurbhanj.

Historical Significance

Mayurbhanj district has a rich historical legacy that dates back centuries. It was once a princely state ruled by the Bhanj dynasty, known for their patronage of arts and culture. The region has witnessed the rise and fall of many kingdoms, leaving behind magnificent temples, forts, and palaces as architectural marvels. The ancient temples of Tarini, Manatrieswar, and Kichakeswari are must-visit sites that reflect the district’s historical and religious importance.

Geographical Features

Situated in the northern part of Odisha, Mayurbhanj district is blessed with diverse geographical features. The district is adorned with picturesque hills, gushing rivers, and dense forests that harbor a wide range of flora and fauna. Simlipal National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a prime example of the district’s natural beauty, offering breathtaking landscapes and an opportunity to witness rare wildlife species.

Cultural Heritage

Mayurbhanj district takes pride in its rich cultural heritage, which is deeply rooted in its tribal traditions and art forms. The district is home to several indigenous tribes, including the Santhal, Ho, and Bhuyan, who contribute to the vibrant cultural fabric of the region. The tribal dances, music, and handicrafts of Mayurbhanj are renowned for their intricate designs and artistic finesse, reflecting the ethnic diversity and creativity of the local communities.

Transport and Connectivity

Mayurbhanj district is well-connected by road and rail networks, making it easily accessible from major cities in Odisha and neighboring states. The district has a well-maintained network of highways, ensuring smooth travel within and around the region. The nearest airport is in Bhubaneswar, which offers domestic and international flight connectivity.

Handloom and Textiles

Mayurbhanj is famous for its exquisite handloom and textile industry. The district is known for producing intricate and vibrant textiles, including the world-famous Mayurbhanj sarees. These sarees are handwoven using traditional techniques and showcase intricate motifs and designs. Visitors can explore the local markets to witness the craftsmanship of the weavers and indulge in purchasing these beautiful textiles as souvenirs.

Famous Festivals

Mayurbhanj district celebrates a plethora of vibrant festivals throughout the year. The Chhau Dance Festival, a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage, is a major highlight of the district. This traditional dance form, performed during the spring season, showcases mesmerizing mask dances that depict mythological stories. The Kali Puja, Durga Puja, and Rath Yatra are other prominent festivals that bring the community together in a joyous celebration of traditions and spirituality.

Wildlife and Natural Beauty

Mayurbhanj district is a paradise for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers. The Simlipal National Park, spread across vast acres of land, is home to majestic Royal Bengal tigers, elephants, leopards, and numerous bird species. The park’s lush green forests, sparkling waterfalls, and serene meadows create a breathtaking backdrop for adventure seekers and wildlife photographers.

Tourist Attractions

Apart from its natural wonders, Mayurbhanj district boasts several tourist attractions that showcase its historical and architectural grandeur. The Baripada Palace, built by the Bhanj dynasty, is an architectural marvel that offers a glimpse into the royal lifestyle. The Haripur Archaeological Museum houses a remarkable collection of ancient artifacts, sculptures, and coins. The Deokund, Budhakhol, and Joranda Waterfalls are nature’s masterpieces that attract visitors with their captivating beauty.

Education and Institutions

Mayurbhanj district is home to several educational institutions that provide quality education to the local population. There are schools, colleges, and universities that offer a wide range of academic and professional courses. These institutions play a crucial role in nurturing talent and promoting educational growth in the region.

Economic Growth

Mayurbhanj district’s economy is primarily driven by agriculture, handloom, and mining industries. The district is known for its rich mineral resources, including iron ore, manganese, and bauxite. The government initiatives to promote tourism and encourage entrepreneurship have led to the growth of small-scale industries and the development of infrastructure, contributing to the overall economic progress of the district.


Mayurbhanj district offers a delectable culinary experience for food enthusiasts. The local cuisine is a delightful blend of traditional Odia flavors and tribal influences. Must-try dishes include the famous Odia delicacies like dalma (a lentil and vegetable stew), pitha (rice cakes), and macha ghanta (fish curry). The district’s proximity to the coastal region ensures an abundance of fresh seafood delicacies as well.

Accommodation Options

Mayurbhanj district provides a range of accommodation options to suit every traveler’s needs and preferences. From budget-friendly guesthouses to luxury resorts, there are ample choices available. Several eco-friendly resorts and forest lodges near the Simlipal National Park offer a unique experience, allowing visitors to stay close to nature.

City Life

Baripada, the district headquarters of Mayurbhanj, offers a vibrant city life experience. The city is known for its bustling markets, where visitors can shop for traditional handicrafts, textiles, and local produce. The city’s lively atmosphere and warm hospitality make it an ideal base for exploring the district’s various attractions.

Local Art and Crafts

Mayurbhanj district is renowned for its exceptional art and crafts, which showcase the talent and creativity of the local artisans. The district’s art forms include the famous Mayurbhanj Chhau masks, stone carvings, terracotta pottery, and tribal paintings. Visitors can witness these exquisite art forms being crafted by skilled artisans and even purchase them as unique souvenirs.

Picnic Spots and Lakes

Mayurbhanj district offers numerous picturesque picnic spots where visitors can relax and rejuvenate amidst nature’s serenity. The Deokund, Barehipani, and Joranda Waterfalls are popular choices for picnics and day outings. The district is also blessed with enchanting lakes, such as Gangadhar, Devkund, and Sona Jhara, where visitors can enjoy boating and immerse themselves in the tranquil surroundings.

Places to Explore

In addition to the major attractions mentioned, Mayurbhanj district has many unexplored and offbeat destinations waiting to be discovered. From serene forests and tribal villages to ancient temples and heritage sites, there is something for every traveler’s taste. Exploring these hidden gems allows visitors to witness the raw beauty and cultural diversity of the district.

Mayurbhanj district of Odisha is a captivating destination that combines historical significance, cultural heritage, and breathtaking natural beauty. With its rich tribal traditions, vibrant festivals, diverse wildlife, and architectural marvels, Mayurbhanj offers a unique and immersive experience for travelers. Whether you seek tranquility in nature or wish to delve into the region’s historical roots, Mayurbhanj has something to offer for everyone. Plan your visit to this enchanting district and embark on a journey of exploration and discovery.


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